查询并删除重复记录的SQL语句

查询并删除重复记录的SQL语句

 

查询及删除重复记录的SQL语句

1、查找表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断

select * from people

where peopleId in (select   peopleId from   people group by   peopleId having count(peopleId) > 1)

2、删除表中多余的重复记录,重复记录是根据单个字段(peopleId)来判断,只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from people 

where peopleId in (select   peopleId from people group by   peopleId   having count(peopleId) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from   people group by peopleId having count(peopleId )>1)

注:rowid为Oracle自带不用该.....

3、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段) 

select * from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in   (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

4、删除表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),只留有rowid最小的记录

delete from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in   (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)


5、查找表中多余的重复记录(多个字段),不包含rowid最小的记录

select * from vitae a

where (a.peopleId,a.seq) in   (select peopleId,seq from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*) > 1)

and rowid not in (select min(rowid) from vitae group by peopleId,seq having count(*)>1)

(二)

比方说

在A表中存在一个字段“name”,

而且不同记录之间的“name”值有可能会相同,

现在就是需要查询出在该表中的各记录之间,“name”值存在重复的项;

Select Name,Count(*) From A Group By Name Having Count(*) > 1

如果还查性别也相同大则如下:

Select Name,sex,Count(*) From A Group By Name,sex Having Count(*) > 1


(三)

方法一

declare @max integer,@id integer

declare cur_rows cursor local for select 主字段,count(*) from 表名 group by 主字段 having count(*) >; 1

open cur_rows

fetch cur_rows into @id,@max

while @@fetch_status=0

begin

select @max = @max -1

set rowcount @max

delete from 表名 where 主字段 = @id

fetch cur_rows into @id,@max

end

close cur_rows

set rowcount 0 方法二

"重复记录"有两个意义上的重复记录,一是完全重复的记录,也即所有字段均重复的记录,二是部分关键字段重复的记录,比如Name字段重复,而其他字段不一定重复或都重复可以忽略。

  1、对于第一种重复,比较容易解决,使用

select distinct * from tableName

  就可以得到无重复记录的结果集。

  如果该表需要删除重复的记录(重复记录保留1条),可以按以下方法删除

select distinct * into #Tmp from tableName

drop table tableName

select * into tableName from #Tmp

drop table #Tmp

  发生这种重复的原因是表设计不周产生的,增加唯一索引列即可解决。

  2、这类重复问题通常要求保留重复记录中的第一条记录,操作方法如下

  假设有重复的字段为Name,Address,要求得到这两个字段唯一的结果集

select identity(int,1,1) as autoID, * into #Tmp from tableName

select min(autoID) as autoID into #Tmp2 from #Tmp group by Name,autoID

select * from #Tmp where autoID in(select autoID from #tmp2)

  最后一个select即得到了Name,Address不重复的结果集(但多了一个autoID字段,实际写时可以写在select子句中省去此列)

(四)

查询重复

select * from tablename where id in (

select id from tablename

group by id

having count(id) > 1

)

 

查询重复的:

当有某列,数据有相同的,只要其中一个的话:

 

SELECT * FROM 表 WHERE ID IN(select min(id) from domainall group by domainname)


本文链接地址:查询并删除重复记录的SQL语句

发表评论

必填

选填

选填

◎欢迎参与讨论,请在这里发表您的看法、交流您的观点。